unit i -We our community and nation
1]Federal system of government F. G. S. is a system of government in which several states unite
Together under a central authority but remains independent in internal affairs.
2] Federalism is a system of government under which power is divided between a central authority
& its various constituent units.
3] Two-Tier system of government is defined a system of government having central and regional
4] Development region are the regions that are divided by the government to run the administrative
affairs smoothly and to have overall equal sustainable development.
5] Unitary system is the system of government having only one level of government.
6] Natural region are those region which are naturally made and are divided by geographical
condition, climate, vegetation, rivers. For example: Terai,hills valley,etc7] Administrative Region is that region which is divided according to population, town, village,
infrastructure, available with other administrative resource. Eg: V. D. C, Zone districts etc.
8] Decentralization is a system in which power and authority are distributed to local government or
bodies from central government.
9] Loo is the tropical monsoon hot wind blowing from Bay of Bengal to eastern part of Nepal
carrying heavy rain during summer season
UNIT =II Infrastructures of Development :
1] Means and Resources are those things which are very necessary for development.
2] Human resources are those resources with power, training, experience and skills to utilize natural
3] Skilled human resources means people or group of people who have the ability and skill to do
well in any sort of works for the development.
4] Short term skilled manpower means the people who have been trained and made skilled within a
short period of time & on low budget.
5] Long term skilled manpower means the people who have skill, knowledge & are technically
trained over a long period of time on huge budget
UNIT =III Our Traditions ,Social Value and Norms:
1] Heritage denotes to the valuable things & qualities such as historical building and culturaltraditions that have been passed down from previous generation to the present generation.
2] Folk songs are the songs that are sung according to place, race, religion etc. which are performed
in various festivals, ceremonies, marriages e.t.c
3] Folk music is the music played with folk songs in marriage, rituals and ceremonies.
4] Classical dance is a dance which reflects the highest standard within a long established form of
5] Folk dance is a dance of a particular people or area and is traditional.
6] Dhan nach is a folk dance of Limbu community held in Mela parba by holding each other’s hand.
7] Palam is a song which is sung during Dhan nach.
8] Gajo is a stick that is used to play the folk musical instruments like Dhol,Nagara, Tyamko, etc by
9] National days are those special days that we celebrate from government to local level to relate
various events such as great revolution, celebration of achievements