notes of social

unit i -We our community and nation

1]Federal system of government F. G. S. is a system of government in which several states unite
Together under a central authority but remains independent in internal affairs.

2] Federalism is a system of government under which power is divided between a central authority
& its various constituent units.
3] Two-Tier system of government is defined a system of government having central and regional
4] Development region are the regions that are divided by the government to run the administrative
affairs smoothly and to have overall equal sustainable development.
5] Unitary system is the system of government having only one level of government.
6] Natural region are those region which are naturally made and are divided by geographical
condition, climate, vegetation, rivers. For example: Terai,hills valley,etc7] Administrative Region is that region which is divided according to population, town, village,
infrastructure, available with other administrative resource. Eg: V. D. C, Zone districts etc.
8] Decentralization is a system in which power and authority are distributed to local government or
bodies from central government.
9] Loo is the tropical monsoon hot wind blowing from Bay of Bengal to eastern part of Nepal
carrying heavy rain during summer season

UNIT =II Infrastructures of Development :
1] Means and Resources are those things which are very necessary for development.
2] Human resources are those resources with power, training, experience and skills to utilize natural
resources properly.
3] Skilled human resources means people or group of people who have the ability and skill to do
well in any sort of works for the development.
4] Short term skilled manpower means the people who have been trained and made skilled within a
short period of time & on low budget.
5] Long term skilled manpower means the people who have skill, knowledge & are technically
trained over a long period of time on huge budget

UNIT =III Our Traditions ,Social Value and Norms:
1] Heritage denotes to the valuable things & qualities such as historical building and culturaltraditions that have been passed down from previous generation to the present generation.
2] Folk songs are the songs that are sung according to place, race, religion etc. which are performed
in various festivals, ceremonies, marriages e.t.c
3] Folk music is the music played with folk songs in marriage, rituals and ceremonies.
4] Classical dance is a dance which reflects the highest standard within a long established form of
ancient time.
5] Folk dance is a dance of a particular people or area and is traditional.
6] Dhan nach is a folk dance of Limbu community held in Mela parba by holding each other’s hand.
7] Palam is a song which is sung during Dhan nach.
8] Gajo is a stick that is used to play the folk musical instruments like Dhol,Nagara, Tyamko, etc by
9] National days are those special days that we celebrate from government to local level to relate
various events such as great revolution, celebration of achievements


some important full forms

(1)  ACM – Association for Computer Machinery

(2)  ADSL – Asymmetric Digital Subscriber line

(3)  ADC – Analog to Digital Converter

(4) ALU – Arithmetic and Digital Unit

(5) ARCnet – Attached Resource Computer Network

(6) ASCII – American standard Code for Information Interchange

(7) ATM – Automated Teller Machine

(8) ATM – Asynchronous Transfer Mode ( in computer networking )

(9)  ASP– Active Server Page

(10) ARPA – Advanced Research Project Agency

(11) BASIC – Beginners All Purpose Symbolic Instruction Code

(12)  BBS – Bulletin Board Service

(13) BCC – Blind Carbon Copy

(14) BCD – Binary Code Decimal

(15) BIOS – Basic Input Output System

(16) BIT – Binary Digit

(17) BMP – Bitmap

(18) BNC – British Naval Connector

(19) BPS – Bits Per Second

(20) CAL – Computer Aided Learning

(21) CAD – Computer Aided Design

(22) CAI – Computer Aided Instruction

(23) CAN – Campus Area Network

(24) CAVE – Cave Automatic Virtual Environment

(25) CBE – Computer Based Training

(26) CC – Carbon Copy

(27) CDROM – Compact Disk Read Only Memory

(28) CDRW – Compact Disk Read and Write

(29) CD-R – Compact Disk Recordable

(30) CGI – Common Gateway Interface

(31) CERN – European Center for Nuclear Research

(32) CGA – Colored Graphics Adapter

(33) CMOS –  Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor

(34) COBOL – common business oriented language

(35) CPM – Computer Program for Microfilm

(36) CPAN – Central Point Antivirus

(37) CPI – Character Per Inch

(38) CPU – Central Processing Unit

(39) CRM – Custom Relationship Management

(40) CRT – Cathode Ray Tube

(41) CSMA – Carrier Sense Multiple Access

(42) DSU – Digital Service Unit

(43) DARPA – Defense Advanced Research Project Agency Network

(44) DBA – Database base administrator

(45) DDL – Data Define Language

(46) DML – Data Manipulation Language

(47) DCL – Data Control Language

(48) DNS – Domain Name System

(49) DVD– Digital Versatile Disk

(50) DBMS – Database Management System

(51) DHCP – Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol

(52) DDR – Double Data Rate

(53) DML – Direct Memory Access

(54) DOS – Disk Operating Sysrem

(55) EBCDIC – Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code

(56) EDI – Electronic Data Interchange

(57) EEPROM – Electrically Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory

(58) Email – Electronic Mail

(59) ERD – Entity Relationship Diagram

(60) EMI – Electro Magnetic Interference

   To be continued…………………..

helllooo guyz this a website for the slc students of nepal.her i have kept some notes of computer….read it

Chapter 1

Networking and telecommunication.

Answer the following questions.

(1)     What is data communication . Give example

Ans:          The process of transferring data,messages and information between two or more person using computer is called                   data communication. Example : email,instant chatting, video conferencing etc

(2)      What do you mean by telecommunication?

Ans:           It is the type of communication that allows us to communicate over the long distance through communication line .                 In this type of communication every one has access to information.Ex: radio, television etc

(3)     What is computer network? Write the 4 purpose of computer networking?

Ans:          A computer network is logical or physical interconnection between two or more computers so that they could communicate with each other.

The purpose or reason of computer network are as follow:-

(i) to share peripherals

(ii)to share softwares

(iii)to make communication faster

(iv)to make communication secure and reliable

(v)to save money and time